Capital for Business Start-up


You won’t have to worry about making loan payments or keeping investors pleased if you have enough capital for a business start-up. The more you borrow, the higher your fixed operational costs become, making it more difficult to weather the ups and downs that practically every organization encounters.

The advantage of starting a business with enough personal capital is that you increase your future borrowing capacity. If you apply for a company expansion loan, the startup equipment you bought with your initial investment is classified as assets.

The first thing to do is assess how much money you have and what you might need to generate the money you need. You can start by looking into the money you saved up for a rainy day. Another option is to take out a small loan to help you start. You can also ask your parents or relatives for money to help you.

Risk management is also important to ensure that a company’s business continuity plan is properly implemented. A successful risk management program is a key component of any business. It will help ensure that even in the event of a disaster, the business will be able to continue to operate.

What are the 3 sources of capital?

Of course, not everyone is fortunate enough to be able to start or grow a business totally with their own money. However, for those who don’t have personal savings to start their companies, I have highlighted various options they can get capital or business start-up:

1. Loans.

A loan is a capital for your business in exchange for you to pay the money back later. The capital; lender may be a bank, family member, friends, credit institutions, or anyone who is willing to lend you money to start a business. The lender will charge you interest for the money, the interest compensates for the risk of losing their money. When getting a loan you will have to sign a note and loan agreement.

Many business owners start by looking for a loan after calculating how much they need to start a business and fail to understand the hard work it takes to repay back the money after borrowing, this is because money in a business is not easy liquidated but might be held in assets or credited customers. The important thing to remember before borrowing loan money to start a business is that the lender expects t pay the money back. Therefore, it’s important to have a solid plan for managing your capital and having a plan for loan repayment.

If everything goes well and you have managed your money well, you might be able to repay the money earlier than the note and loan agreement states, and in this process, you will be able to save on the interest accumulation.

Some states in the United States allow the lender to charge a penalty for lost interest if you are able to pay the money sooner. It’s important to check if your notes and loan agreements have prepayment clauses that might affect you if you are able to pay the loan earlier.

Capital for business start-up

Here are some of the loans you can apply to get capital for a business start-up:

(a) Fully amortized loans.

This type of loan allows the borrower to pay for the interesting principle in equal monthly repayments for a certain number of agreed months or years. after payment of the principle and the interest, the loan is marked as cleared and you don’t own anything else to the lender.

The amount of money you pay per month and interest can change based on the agreed timeframes you have agreed to pay the loan. Here is a sample of two $10,000 fully amortized loans so that you can see how the interest can change due to the change in repayment periods.

Loan Amortization Sample Table.

Loan Values
Loan Amount$1,000,000
Annual Interest Rate3.5%
Loan Period in Years5
Number of payments per year12
Start date of the loan1/1/2022
Loan Summary
Scheduled Payments$18,1991
Scheduled number of payments60
The actual number of payments60
Total Interest$91,504.70
Loan Amortization Sample Table.

(b) Baloon payment loan.

Balloon payment allows entrepreneurs to borrow money for their startup and repay in small monthly amounts and pay a large sum later. The last large sum repayment is called a “balloon payment”, this type of loan is useful if you can’t make a huge monthly payment but according to your financial plan, you can pay the large amount after a certain period of time.

(c) Secured loans.

Secured loans are offered to businesses after they have left collateral to the lender mostly this is in terms of short term assets or long term assets, for start-ups this can include your home, car piece of land, or any other assets you own.

If you are not able to repay the loan the lender sells your collateral to recover the money they have invested in your business, plus any additional cost of sale of the collateral. If you have valuable collateral you are likely to get a lender for your money on a secured loan basis, but it’s good to know you are likely to lose your collateral if you are not able to pay the money.

(d) Unsecured loans.

Loans borrowed as capital for a business start-up without collateral are called “unsecured loans” the lender will lose his/her money if the borrower fails to pay his money, however, they can sue you if the borrower is not able to pay back the money at ana agreed timeframe. If the lender succeeds they can go after your business or assets that you won.

New businesses don’t get capital for start-ups through unsecured loans, however, if you have a sound business idea or a good business plan to persuade an unsecured loans lender, you can go ahead and apply for an unsecured loan.

For existing businesses, it’s easier to get an unsecured loan if the business has a good history with the lender, or if your business has a good credit record that they can use as a hedge for the risk of investing in your business.

2. Equity Investments.

Capital for business start-up

An equity investor purchases a stake in your company and becomes a co-owner. When you succeed, the equity investor gets a piece of the pie. She only shares in your losses up to the amount of her initial investment, depending on the legal structure of ownership. The risk for equity investors is limited to the amount of money they put up, which might be lost if the company fails.

Investors want you to conceive of their money as a tool that you will use for a short time before returning it. A forecast of when and how that will happen should be included in your company strategy. A potential investor may question your motivations if you fail to outline a payback method in your plan.

Investors would like the possibility of a good financial return on their investment, and a sense of security when they invest in your business. one of the ways to convince an investor to invest in your business is to let them know you are honest and willing to push through your business idea. Being passionate about your business idea is attractive to investors.

Your business plan is written for investors just needs to be based on facts. It can be either qualitative or quantitative. It must be relevant to the decision-making process of the person you are speaking to. It should also be detailed and accurate. It is not required to be in long form but should be informative.

Venture Capitalists

Some venture capitalists specialize in backing enterprises with a track record and are ready to accept a lower return in exchange. The venture capital market is evolving, and more venture capitalists are considering a broader range of opportunities and client firms. A venture investor will frequently specialize in a market sector, firm size, or stage of development. The possibilities have grown, as has the amount of effort required to attract the proper supporters.

Return on equity investment.

Every investor would like to see a return on their investment, every business deal is different when it comes to equity financing, the goal is to come up with agreeable terms and both parties understand their risks.

If investors don’t believe in your business idea, they are more likely not going to invest in your business. If they invest in your business and they are not yet convinced you will guarantee them a return they deserve they will also for a higher return on their investment. Investors might also ask for more than 50% profits from the business, so you should be prepared to negotiate with your investor for terms you are both comfortable with.

Guaranteed investments are rare, which means under all conditions you should avoid the temptation to guarantee an investor a return on their investment, they should understand the risks associated with your business idea, and you should highlight all the risks your business is likely to face during the startup state.

For existing businesses, investors are able to invest in the business with a little bit of confidence, this means the borrower will be able to negotiate more favorable terms and as low as 20% profits, including a higher investment.

Equity investments are only allowed in the following three business ownerships; General partnerships, Limited Liable Companies, and Corporations. This means if you need investments from equity investors you have to register your business under the option of sharing ownerships as stated below:

1. General partnerships.

A general partnership is a partnership where the equity investor and the business owner share the profits and liabilities of the company. this type of business is ideal for business partners who are dedicated to the business and are committed t working full time to make sure the business is going in the right direction.

It’s important to note equity investors don’t prefer general partnerships as they are not prepared to share your losses and don’t want to be involved in the day-to-day operation of your business.

2. Limited Liability Companies.

Limited liability companies are now preferred by small businesses looking for equity finance, this is because they offer liability protection if the business operation doesn’t go as expected.

It’s important to consult with a professional accountant or lawyer before forming a limited liability company since limited liability companies are more suitable for professionals such as engineers, architects, doctors, etc

3. Corporations.

A corporation formation is a business formation where the business owner sells stocks to investors in exchange for their investment, this means the money invested will be able to be represented by the stocks equity investors have received as part of the ownership of the company.

The equity investor’s potential losses are represented by the percentage of their purchased price of shares they bought. A corporation allows the business owner to still own the business as long as the business owner holds 51% of the shares of the business stock.

The price of the stock is dependent on the market valuation of your business.

What is the best source of capital for the business start-up?

Capital for business start-up
Loans AdvantageEquity finance Advantage
The lender has no legal obligation in your business, the business owner has full ownership of the business and his sole responsibility is t pay the loan on time. It’s important to note that certain loans offer favorable repayment terms.Investors are also partners in your business, when they invest in your business they can provide very valuable support to your business. If the business idea fails, investors lose their money if there is no way for the business owner to repay them.
Loans DisadvantageEquity Finance Disadvantage
Loans are supposed to be paid regardless of the financial position of the company, the business owner (borrower) is required to pay the loans regarding the business cash flows, this can cause major stress to the business owner.Equity investors usually ask for a return on their investment, and this means they would require you to share your profits with them. The business owner is also required to keep equity investors updated on the progress of the business. Equity investors can sue you if they believe their rights are not being met.

3. Secondary Capital for business start-up.

1. Small Business Administration. (SBA)

The Small Business Administration (SBA) and numerous other government agencies were founded particularly to assist small firms in competing for loans with bigger enterprises.

Many banks view SBA loan origination as a profit center, and they go out of their way to find applicants. Some of these institutions charge a fee for assistance in filling out SBA papers and provide speedy approvals.
Make an appointment with a loan officer who specializes in SBA loans if any banks in your region provide this service.

While the Small Business Administration (SBA) can offer direct loans to small firms, it mainly ensures commercial bank loans. If a bank loan fulfills SBA conditions, the SBA will guarantee 85 percent of the loan up to $750,000.

2. Small Business Investment Companies. (SBICs)

A Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) is a company that was formed with the help of the Small Business Administration to lend money to small enterprises. Minority Small Business Investment Companies are a type of SBIC that caters to minority businesses (MSBICs). The SBA will lend an SBIC up to four times its invested capital.

It subsequently loans this cash to other companies in order to benefit from each loan transaction.
There are around 400 of them scattered across the country, each with its own set of investing aims and objectives.

3. USDA Rural Development.

This loan program is for enterprises that offer jobs in rural areas of the United States.
In towns with a population of 50,000 or fewer, or in suburban regions with a population density of little more than 100 per square mile, business loans via the USDA’s Rural Development program (previously the Farmers’ Home Administration or FmHA) are guaranteed, and aims and objectives.

4. Economic Development (EDA)

The EDA, which is part of the Department of Commerce, lends or guarantees loans to firms in redevelopment zones, which are high-unemployment regions in cities. Eligible locations are mentioned in a publication accessible from the regional EDA director on a quarterly basis.

5. Federal, State, and Local Programs

A variety of aid programs are available from all states and many municipal governments to assist businesses in creating jobs. Normally, these are referred to as Development Agencies or Development Administrations. You may learn more about them by calling your local Chamber of Commerce or asking a banker for information.

6. Overseas Private InvestmentCorporation (OPIC)

OPIC is a self-funded US government organization that provides direct loans and credit guarantees to private firms in developing nations, as well as insuring them against political risks. An American company that forms a partnership with a well-established foreign corporation is the ideal candidate for help.

7. Insurance Companies and Pension Funds

Some insurance firms have a modest fund that may be used to invest in enterprises, particularly if you can provide a mix of loans and investments.
Most small enterprises, on the other hand, will seek funding from less restricted sources before approaching an insurance company.

What capital is needed to start a business?

The amount of capital required to start a business varies. It can be as little as $10,000 for a single-person enterprise. It can be as much as $1 million for a large, well-established business.

Several factors determine the amount of capital required—first, the amount of time and money you want to invest in your business. Second, there is the kind of business you want to start. Some businesses require a large initial investment but are very scalable. Others require very little time and money yet are very capital intensive. 

How much capital should I raise for a startup?

Raising capital for startup companies is not easy. Before you can start raising money, you need to be prepared. You need to have an exit plan. It would be best to have a great business plan for capital requirements analysis and a great sales team to help you forecast the ROI. The amount you should raise for a start-up is dependent on the capital requirements and ROI.

How do I get the capital to start a startup?

Before you think of how to get capital to start a startup, you need to think of the different models you can apply to this endeavor. There are different types of startup capital; you can either get capital from friends and family or raise money from venture capital funds.

What is start-up funding?

Start-up funding is an important aspect of a startup. It provides the initial funding that a startup needs to get started. The term is derived from the that startups often have to get funding from an outside source. This funding can come from various sources, including angel investors, venture capitalists, government agencies, or other startup companies.

Why do startups need funding?

A startup needs funding because they need money to launch its business. They may also need money to grow their business. Startup funding is different from business funding. Business funding is used to expand an existing business. A startup is usually a new business. A startup needs funding to start its business. Funding is money that is used to help a company start-up. Startups need funding to launch their business.

James Ndungu

James is a one-on-one business consultant who helps CEOs, executives, and solopreneurs build their personal and professional branding.

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